[1]周晓娜,吕全军#.河南省7~18岁学生营养不良流行趋势[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2009,(06):1263-1264.
 ZHOU Xiaona,LV Quanjun.Prevalent trend of malnutrition among students aged 7~18 years in Henan province[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2009,(06):1263-1264.
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河南省7~18岁学生营养不良流行趋势()
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2009年06期
页码:
1263-1264
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2009-11-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Prevalent trend of malnutrition among students aged 7~18 years in Henan province
作者:
周晓娜吕全军#
郑州大学公共卫生学院营养与食品卫生学教研室 郑州 450001
Author(s):
ZHOU XiaonaLV Quanjun
Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene,College of Public Health,Zhengzhou University,Zhengzhou 450001
关键词:
营养不良趋势学生河南省
Keywords:
malnutritiontrendstudentHenan province
分类号:
R151.4+2
摘要:
了解河南省中小学生营养不良流行趋势,为制定政策,提高中小学生的营养水平提供依据。方法:使用SPSS 12.0对河南省1991、1995、2000和2005年7~18岁中小学生的体质调研结果进行分析。结果:河南省7~18岁学生1991、1995、2000和2005年营养不良的检出率分别为27.7%、29.8%、22.0%和5.7%,呈下降趋势(χ2趋势=9 398.3,P<0.001)。1991年与1995年营养不良检出率城市高于乡村,2000年与2005年乡村高于城市。1991、1995与2000年营养不良检出率女生高于男生,2005年男生高于女生。1991至2005年小学、初中和高中段学生的营养不良检出率分别为17.5%、25.0%和24.5%,3者相比,差异有统计学意义(χ2=335.2,P<0.001)。结论:1991至2005年河南省中小学生的营养状况有了很大改善,但应注意提高乡村学生及初、高中学生的营养水平。
Abstract:
To study the prevalent trend of malnutrition among students aged 7 ~18 years in Henan,so as to provide evidence for formulating policy to improve nutrition status of the students.Methods:The data of investigations about physical fitness of students aged 7~18 years in 1991, 1995, 2000, and 2005 respectively in Henan province were analyzed by using SPSS 12.0 for windows.Results: The data showed that the malnutrition rate of the students aged 7~18 years in Henan decreased year by year(χ2=9 398.3,P<0.001), and the malnutrition rate was 27.7%,29.8%,22.0% and 5.7% in 1991, 1995, 2000, and 2005, respectively. The malnutrition rates of the urban students were higher than those of rural students in 1991 and 1995, while the malnutrition rates of the urban students were lower than those of rural students in 2000 and 2005.The data in 1991, 1995, and 2000 showed that the malnutrition rate of girls was higher than that of boys,however, the rate was contrary in 2005. The malnutrition rate of junior students and senior students was higher than that of primary students (χ2=335.2,P<0.001).Conclusion: The malnutrition rate is improved rapidly among students aged 7~18 years in Henan from 1991 to 2005. But the malnutrition rate of rural students and junior and senior students is relatively high, so the prevention and control of malnutrition should be strengthened among these population.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
#通讯作者,男,1963年生,博士,教授,研究方向:营养与疾病,Email:lqjnutr@zzu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2010-05-14