[1]张雷),张书芳),胡东生),等.河南省居民营养与健康状况调查[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2010,(01):124-128.
 ZHANG Lei),ZHANG Shufang),HU Dongsheng),et al.Nutrition and health status survey in Henan Province[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2010,(01):124-128.
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河南省居民营养与健康状况调查()
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2010年01期
页码:
124-128
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2010-01-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Nutrition and health status survey in Henan Province
作者:
张雷1)张书芳2)胡东生3)施学忠4)王培玉1)#
1)北京大学公共卫生学院营养与食品卫生学系北京1001912)河南省疾病预防控制中心公共卫生研究所郑州450016 3)深圳大学预防医学系深圳5180604)郑州大学公共卫生学院卫生统计学教研室郑州450001
Author(s):
ZHANG Lei1)ZHANG Shufang2)HU Dongsheng3)SHI Xuezhong4)WANG Peiyu1)
1)Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191 2)Institute of Public Health, Henan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhengzhou 4500163)Department of Prevention Medicine, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 5180604)Department of Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001
关键词:
营养失衡高血压糖尿病肥胖血脂异常河南省
Keywords:
nutrition unbalancehypertensiondiabetes mellitusobesitydyslipidemiaHenan province
分类号:
R151.3
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
了解河南省居民的营养与健康现状。方法:采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样方法,于2002年对河南省14个抽样点的入选对象进行膳食调查、医学体检和实验室检查调查。结果:2002年河南省居民热能、蛋白质、脂肪和碳水化合物平均每标准人日摄入量分别为9134.5kJ、64.5g、68.2g和327.6g,粮谷类、蛋白质和脂肪供能比分别为59.1%、11.5%和29.1%%,优质蛋白质占30.2%(城乡分别为39.7%和26.4%)。婴幼儿生长迟缓和低体质量率分别为14.1%和8.2%。全省人群贫血患病率为18.4%,超重和肥胖患病率分别为24.0%和8.8%,总血脂异常患病率为17.9%。15岁及以上人群高血压患病率为29.9%,空腹血糖受损和糖尿病患病率分别为3.5%和5.5%。结论:河南省居民热能和营养素摄入基本得到满足,但存在一定程度膳食失衡。各种营养相关慢性病防治形势严峻,营养与健康状况存在城乡差异,在以后的改善和防治工作中应因地制宜。
Abstract:
To describe the status of nutrition and health related indexes in residents of Henan province so as to their improvement in the future.Methods:The survey was carried out in 14 sampling point sampled by a stratified multistage cluster sampling in 2002, including data gathered from questionnaires, interviews, physical examinations, measurement of biochemical indices, and dietary investigation.Results: The average intakes per reference man people per day of energy, protein, fat and carbohydrate were 9 134.5 kJ, 64.5 g (the constituent ratio of good protein was 30.3%, urban/rural: 39.7%/26.4%), 68.2 g and 327.6 g,respectively, energize ratios of cereals, protein and fat were 59.1%, 11.5% and 29.1%,respectively in residents of Henan province in 2002. The prevalence rates of stunting and underweight were 14.1% and 8.2% respectively in infants. The prevalence rates of anemia, overweight, obesity and dyslipidemia were 18.4%, 24.0%, 8.8% and 17.9% respectively in general population of all ages. The prevalence rates of hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, diabetes were 29.9%, 3.5% and 5.5% respectively in residents aged 15 and over.Conclusion: Intakes of heat energy and nutrients are enough except some diet unbalance in residents of Henan province. The outlook of prevention and control for chronic noncommunicable diseases is challengeable, integrated measures should be taken for its improvement because of the difference of nutrition and health status between urban and rural.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
#通讯作者,男,1960年生,博士,教授,研究方向:营养与慢性病流行病学,Email:wpeiyu@bjmu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2010-04-26