[1]马楠)△,段广才),王奇),等.河南省某地区配偶间HIV性传播状况调查[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2011,(06):920.
 MA Nan,DUAN Guangcai,WANG Qi,et al.Epidemiological analysis of HIV infections via sexual transmission between spouses in an area of Henan province[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2011,(06):920.
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河南省某地区配偶间HIV性传播状况调查
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2011年06期
页码:
920
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2011-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Epidemiological analysis of HIV infections via sexual transmission between spouses in an area of Henan province
作者:
马楠1)段广才1)王奇2)杨海燕1)
1)郑州大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室 郑州 450001 2)河南省疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病防治所 郑州 450016
Author(s):
MA Nan1) DUAN Guangcai1)WANG Qi2)YANG Haiyan1)
1)Department of Epidemiology,College of Public Health,Zhengzhou University,Zhengzhou 450001 2)Institute of Prevention and Control of STD and AIDS,Center for Disease Prevention and Control of Henan Province,Zhengzhou 450016
关键词:
艾滋病配偶间性传播HIV单阳家庭
Keywords:
AIDSsexual transmission between spousesHIV discordant couple
分类号:
R512.91
摘要:
目的:了解河南省某地区配偶间HIV性传播状况,为预防控制艾滋病配偶间性传播提供科学依据。方法:2006年1月1日至2009年12月31日对河南省某地区2651个HIV单阳家庭进行随访检测,分别在每年度的6月底和12月底对感染者配偶用酶联免疫吸附试验和免疫印迹试验进行一次HIV抗体检测。结果:共对2 445个家庭完成随访调查,随访率为92.2%,配偶间HIV传播73对,累计性传播率2.98%。由丈夫传染给妻子44对(传播率4.33%),由妻子传染给丈夫29对(传播率2.03%)。丈夫年龄在30~39岁的家庭性传播率为55.8%(23/348)高于40岁以上年龄组(0.6%,1/1 053)。结论:河南某地区建立随访关系的配偶间HIV性传播率较先前明显降低,但需要进一步加大预防配偶间HIV性传播工作的力度,最大限度避免HIV配偶间传播。
Abstract:
Aim:To study the epidemiological status of HIV infection between married couples.Methods:A total of 2 651 couples with only one confirmed HIVpositive spouse were followed up from 2006 to the end of 2009. HIV antibody was detected every six months by ELISA and Western blot.Results:2 445 couples finished the followup,and the followup rate was 92.2%.73 couples had sexual transmission,and the cumulative sexual transmission rate was 2.98%. The sexual transmission rate was 4.33%(44/1 015) from the male to the female and 2.03%(29/1 430) from the female to the male.Conclusion:The frequencies of sexual transmission in Henan province is relatively low. The publicizing should be strengthened in single HIV positive families to maximally avoid sexual transmission between spouses.

参考文献/References:

[1]Mayer KH,Anderson DJ. Heterosexual HIV transmission[J].Infect Agents Diss,1995,4(4):273 [2]汤梦君,韩嘉玲.中国艾滋病配偶间传播的现状与影响因素[J].当代中国人口:英文版,2009(Z2):1 [3]杨蓉蓉,桂希恩,熊勇,等.人类免疫缺陷病毒在夫妻间传播的调查[J].中华传染病杂志,2007,25(5):294 [4]李林,李敬云,鲍作义,等. 影响艾滋病病毒异性性传播有关因素的研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2003,24(11):980 [5]庄柯.人类免疫缺陷病毒性传播的机制与影响因素[J].国外医学:流行病学传染病学分册,2002,29(6):321 [6]史成礼.男性年龄变化与性爱频率[J].中国性科学,2007,16(2):13

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
△女,1986年10月生,硕士研究生,研究方向:分子流行病学
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01