[1]张军喜,柴健,马颖辉,等.河南省项目地区育龄妇女孕前环境危险因素暴露情况分析*[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2011,(06):923.
 ZHANG Junxi,CHAI Jian,MA Yinghui,et al.Exposure of risk environment factors among fertile married women in Henan province[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2011,(06):923.
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河南省项目地区育龄妇女孕前环境危险因素暴露情况分析*
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2011年06期
页码:
923
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2011-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Exposure of risk environment factors among fertile married women in Henan province
作者:
张军喜柴健马颖辉蒋丽芳#
河南省人口和计划生育科学技术研究院社会医学研究中心 郑州 450002
Author(s):
ZHANG JunxiCHAI JianMA YinghuiJIANG Lifang
Center of Social Medicine,Henan Provincial Research Institute for Population and Family Planning, Zhengzhou 450002
关键词:
河南省育龄妇女环境危险因素暴露
Keywords:
Henan provincefertile womenenvironmentrisk factorexposure
分类号:
R169.49
摘要:
目的:了解河南省项目地区育龄妇女环境危险因素的暴露情况,为制定孕前保健措施提供依据。方法:采取多阶段随机抽样方法抽取河南省项目地区已婚待孕育龄妇女2 008名,对其可能暴露的环境危险因素进行问卷调查。结果:有职业危险因素暴露者占18.0%(361/2 008),暴露率排前3位的为高噪音环境、危险物质(重金属和化学物质)接触和粉尘环境。存在生活危险因素暴露者占52.9%(1 063/2 008),暴露率排前3位的为饲养宠物、使用杀虫剂和半年内居住在新装修过的房屋。29岁以下年龄组饲养宠物和半年内居住过装修房屋的比例高于30岁以上年龄组(χ2=11.568,P=0.001;χ2=31.950,P<0.001),农业户口组和非农业户口组使用杀虫剂、饲养宠物及半年内居住过装修房屋比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。调查妇女中乙肝疫苗接种率最高(48.0%),风疹疫苗接种率最低(17.4%)。结论:河南省育龄妇女环境危险因素的暴露比例不同,以生活危险因素暴露为主。
Abstract:
Aim:To investigate the exposure ratio of environmental factors of fertile married women in project areas of Henan province and provide scientific data for drawing up the measures of prepregnancy health care.Methods:To analyze the possible exposed environmental risk factors of fertile married women in Henan province, a questionnaire survey was performed with multistage random sampling methods among 2 008 women in project areas.Results:18.0%(361/2 008) fertile married women had exposed to occupational risk factors.The top three risk factors were noisy environment, hazardous substances(heavy metals and chemicals) and dust environment. Furthermore,52.9%(1 063/2 008) fertile married women had exposed to living risk factors. Keeping pets, using pesticides and living in newly refurnished house for six months were the top three risk factors. The exposure ratio of 29yearold group who kept pets and living in newly refurnished house for six months was higher than that of over 30 years old group(χ2=11.568,P=0.001;χ2=31.950,P<0.001). However,there was no significant difference in the exposure ratios,including using pesticides,keeping pets and living in newly refurnished house for six months between agricultural and nonagricultural household group. In addition, the rate of hepatitis B vaccinations (48.0%) was the highest and rubella vaccine(17.4%) was the lowest among the surveyed women.Conclusion:The exposure proportion of environmental risk factors among fertile married women is different in Henan province. The major portion presents exposure of living risk factors.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*国家“十一·五”科技支撑项目2006BAI05A02;河南省重点科技攻关基金资助项目07210231004
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01