[1]王荣国),王卫峰),周刚)#.河南省居民吸烟现状调查*[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2012,(02):188.
 WANG Rongguo),WANG Weifeng),ZHOU Gang).Survey on current smoking status among residents in Henan province[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2012,(02):188.
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河南省居民吸烟现状调查*
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2012年02期
页码:
188
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2012-03-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Survey on current smoking status among residents in Henan province
作者:
王荣国1)王卫峰2)周刚2)#
1)郑州大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室 郑州 450001 2)河南省疾病预防控制中心健康教育与慢性非传染性疾病防治研究所 郑州 450016
Author(s):
WANG Rongguo1)WANG Weifeng2) ZHOU Gang2)
1) Department of Epidemiology,College of Public Health,Zhengzhou University,Zhengzhou 450001 2)Institute of Health Education and Chronic & Noncommunication Disease Control & Prevention,Henan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhengzhou 450016
关键词:
吸烟现状调查河南
Keywords:
smokingstatus surveyHenan province
分类号:
R163
摘要:
目的:了解河南省居民的吸烟状况,为开展针对性的控烟工作提供依据。方法:采用多阶段分层整群抽样的方法,调查河南省15~69岁居民2 056人的吸烟情况。结果:河南省居民的吸烟率为21.11%;男性吸烟率为44.49%(420/944),女性为1.26%(14/1 112),男性高于女性(χ2=573.034,P<0.001);现在吸烟率为20.09%(413/2 056)。不同年龄、职业和收入水平居民的吸烟率差异有统计学意义(χ2=24.672,69.101和54.166,P<0.001)。吸烟者中有25.35%的人尝试过戒烟,戒烟成功率仅为4.84%,而且仅有13.32%的人打算在1 a内戒烟。现在吸烟者开始吸烟时的年龄平均为21.92岁(95% CI为21.25~22.58岁),超过83.82%的现在吸烟者开始吸烟时的年龄不到25周岁。男性开始吸烟年龄早于女性(Z=2.219,P=0.027),烟龄长于女性(Z=2.219,P=0.027),但吸烟量差异无统计学意义(Z=1.746,P=0.081)。79.18%的调查对象知晓吸烟危害健康;现在吸烟者、戒烟者和从不吸烟者知晓率差异无统计学意义(χ2=2.208,P=0.332)。结论:河南省居民吸烟率仍然较高,控烟工作仍面临巨大的挑战。
Abstract:
Aim:To understand the prevalence of smoking among residents in Henan province,so as to provide reference for effective tobacco control policies.Methods:A total of 2 056 residents aged 15 to 69 years from Henan province were sampled by multistage stratified and cluster sampling method.Results:The overall smoking rate was 21.11%, that in the male was 44.49%(420/944),higher than 1.26%(14/1 112) in the female(χ2=573.034,P<0.001). The current smoking rate was 20.09%(413/2 056). The smoking rates of residents with different age,occupation and income were different(χ2=24.672,69.101 and 54.166,P<0.001). 25.35% smokers had tried to quit smoking,the smoking cessation rate was only 4.84%,and only 13.32% of smokers intended to quit smoking within one year. The average starting smoking age of current smokers was 21.92 years(95% CI=21.25~22.58 years).More than 83.82% of current smokers began smoking at the age less than 25 years.Compared with the female,the average starting smoking age of the male was earlier (Z=2.219,P=0.027),smoking time was longer(Z=2.219,P=0.027).78.18% residents knew that smoking was bad to health,and the rate had no significant differences among current smokers,quitting smokers and nonsmokers(χ2=2.208,P=0.332).Conclusion:The prevalence of smoking in Henan province is still high.The tobacco control in Henan province is still facing a great challenge.

参考文献/References:

[1]World Health Organization. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2008: The MPOWER package[R].Geneva:World Health Organization,2009.
[2]杨功焕,马杰民,刘娜,等. 中国人群2002年吸烟和被动吸烟的现状调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2005,26(2):77
[3]马冠生,孔灵芝,栾德春,等.中国居民吸烟行为的现状分析[J].中国慢性病预防与控制,2005,13(5):195
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*美国国立卫生研究所(NIH)国际Fogarty中心资助项目RFATW06006 #通讯作者,男,1959年6月生,硕士,主任医师,研究方向:慢性病流行病学,Email: zhoug@hncdc.com.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01