[1]高允锁),王小丹)#,吴玲).海南省高校教师职业倦怠现状及影响因素*[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2012,(06):814.
 GAO Yunsuo,WANG Xiaodan,WU Ling.Burnout status and risk factors of college teachers in Hainan province[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2012,(06):814.
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海南省高校教师职业倦怠现状及影响因素*
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2012年06期
页码:
814
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2012-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Burnout status and risk factors of college teachers in Hainan province
作者:
高允锁1)王小丹2)#吴玲2)
1)海南省人民医院医学统计室 海口 570311
2)海南医学院卫生统计学教研室 海口 570311
Author(s):
GAO Yunsuo1)WANG Xiaodan2)WU Ling2)
1)Department of Medical Statistics,Hainan Provincial People’s Hospital,Haikou 570311
2)Department of Health Statistics,Hainan Medical College,Haikou 570311
关键词:
职业倦怠影响因素高校教师海南省
Keywords:
burnoutinfluence factorcollege teacherHainan province
分类号:
R189.1
摘要:
目的:了解海南省高校教师职业倦怠现状及其影响因素。方法:采用自制的一般情况调查表和教师职业倦怠量表(TBI)对330名海南省高校专职教师进行横断面调查。结果:TBI总分为(33.15±5.53)分,有95名(28.8%)高校教师存在职业倦怠,不同性别、不同学校及不同职称教师TBI各纬度得分及不同学历教师间情绪衰竭和去个性化得分差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05),但不同学历教师少成就感得分差异有统计学意义(F=3.358,P=0.036),专科学历教师少成就感得分高于研究生学历教师(P<0.05)。多重线性回归结果显示,情绪衰竭的影响因素有自感健康情况和经常不吃早餐,少成就感的影响因素有自感健康情况、饮食不规律、周运动≥2次、周课时数和学历,去个性化的影响因素有经常不吃早餐、周晚班≥2次和教龄。结论:高校教师存在职业倦怠,预防职业倦怠必须从建立合理的生活方式和饮食规律,加强体育锻炼,调整心态等多方面入手。
Abstract:
Aim:To know the burnout status of college teachers and its influence factors in Hainan province.Methods:A total of 330 teachers from three colleges in Hainan were selected for the sectioncross study.All subjects were assessed by Teacher Burnout Inventory (TBI) and a selfadministered questionnaire for general information.Results:The mean score of TBI was (33.15±5.53).The prevalence of burnout was 28.8%.No significant difference was found in gender,academic title,or college(P>0.05),but the score of receded personal achievability between Associate degree and Master degree was different (F=3.358,P=0.036).Multiple linear regression results suggested that,the influence factors of emotional prostration were selfinduction health and frequently without breakfast;those of receded personal achievability were selfinduction health,irregularly diet,exercise more than 2 times per week,total class number per week and degree;the influence factors of deindividuation were frequently without breakfast,nightworking more than 2 times per week and teachingyears.Conclusion:Burnout exists in college teachers of Hainan province,and the teachers should choose a more reasonable way of life and diet,and strengthen physical exercise,and adjust psychological status.

参考文献/References:

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[3]潘欣.大学教师亚健康状况的成因与对策[J].中国健康教育,2003,19(12):974

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*国家自然科学基金资助项目30860082;海南省重点科技项目090209,zdxm20100043;海南省自然科学基金资助项目30853;海南省卫生厅科技项目琼卫20097,琼卫200911,琼卫2010重点38;
#通讯作者,女,1975年11月生,硕士,副教授,研究方向:统计学在心理医学的应用,Email:xiaodanwangkk@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-07-03