[1]郭振友△,石武祥,孟繁文,等.西部民族地区某高校大学生卫生服务需要和利用现况调查*[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2012,(06):817.
 GUO Zhenyou,SHI Wuxiang,MENG Fanwen,et al.Survey on health service need and utilization of undergraduates in west national regions[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2012,(06):817.
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西部民族地区某高校大学生卫生服务需要和利用现况调查*
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2012年06期
页码:
817
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2012-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Survey on health service need and utilization of undergraduates in west national regions
作者:
郭振友石武祥孟繁文杨子靖张丽华
桂林医学院公共卫生学院卫生事业管理学教研室 桂林 541004
Author(s):
GUO ZhenyouSHI WuxiangMENG FanwenYANG ZijingZHANG Lihua
Department of Health Service Management,College of Public Health,Guilin Medical College,Guilin 541004
关键词:
民族地区大学生卫生服务需要卫生服务利用
Keywords:
national regionundergraduatehealth service needhealth service utilization
分类号:
R195.4
摘要:
目的:对西部民族地区某高校大学生卫生服务需要和利用进行分析研究。方法:采用分层随机整群抽样方法,抽取627名在校大学生进行卫生服务状况调查。结果:西部民族地区高校大学生两周患病率为22.01%,高于全国平均水平。不同性别(χ2=1.770,P=0.183)、城乡(χ2=2.377,P=0.123)、家庭经济状况(χ2=3.685,P=0.450)之间患病率差异无统计学意义。两周就诊率为8.45%,应就诊未就诊比例为61.3%,高于全国总体水平;调查前1 a内大学生住院率为1.91%,应住院未住院比例为58.62%。校医院是大学生首选的医疗机构。logistic多因素分析结果显示,年龄、城乡、年级、月生活费用、是否参加医疗保险是影响大学生卫生服务利用的主要因素,其OR及95% CI分别是1.111(1.024~1.206)、0.468(0.383~0.571)、1.246(1.042~1.490)、1.280(1.091~1501)、0.705(0.588~0.845)。结论:西部民族地区大学生卫生服务需要高于全国平均水平,但各种卫生服务的利用程度偏低。经济因素是影响大学生卫生服务利用的主要因素。
Abstract:
Aim:To analyze the health service need and utilization of undergraduates in west national regions.Methods:A sample of 627 undergraduates were selected randomly to conduct questionnaire survey about health service.Results:The prevalence rate of fortnight of undergraduates in west national regions was 22.01%,which was higher than the average level of the whole country.The prevalence rate between male and female(χ2=1.770,P=0.183),urban and rural area(χ2=2.377,P=0.123),different economic conditions(χ2=3.685,P=0.450) showed no difference.Outpatient rate of fortnight was 8.45%,and the proportion of no clinical visits of morbidity was 61.3%.The annual hospital admission rate was 1.91%,and the proportion without hospitalization was 58.62%.The major medical facility for student seeking medical service was school clinic.Logistic statistical analysis showed that age,urbanrural,grade,cost of living,and medical insurance were the main factors that affected the utilization of health service,and the OR (95%CI) for them was 1111(1.024~1.206),0.468(0.383~0.571),1.246(1.042~1.490),1.280(1.091~1.501),0.705(0.588~0845).Conclusion:The health service need of undergraduates in west national regions is higher than the average level of the whole country,but the utilization is lower.The economic factor is the main influence factor that affects the health service utilization of undergraduates.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*广西壮族自治区教育厅高校科研立项基金资助项目201010LX357;△男,1980年10月生,硕士,讲师,研究方向:社会医学与卫生事业管理,Email:guozhenyou03@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-07-03