[1]李素兰△.静脉尿路造影不良反应的危险因素[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2012,(06):859.
 LI Sulan.Risk factors of adverse reaction in intravenous urography[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2012,(06):859.
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静脉尿路造影不良反应的危险因素
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2012年06期
页码:
859
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2012-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Risk factors of adverse reaction in intravenous urography
作者:
李素兰
郑州大学第一附属医院放射科 郑州 450052
Author(s):
LI Sulan
Department of Radiology,the First Affiliated Hospital,Zhengzhou University,Zhengzhou 450052
关键词:
静脉尿路造影不良反应危险因素
Keywords:
intravenous urographyadverse reactionrisk factor
分类号:
R473.5
摘要:
目的:探讨静脉尿路造影不良反应的危险因素。方法:回顾总结236例静脉尿路造影患者的一般资料,将患者分为不良反应组(n=21)和无不良反应组(n=215)。对可能引起不良反应的因素进行单因素与logistic回归分析。结果:离子型造影剂、剂量>200 mL、注射时间<5 min、糖尿病、心理障碍、年龄与静脉尿路造影不良反应有关(χ2/t=9.741、9.314、4.590、9.896、7.235和6.892,P<0.05);应用离子型造影剂(OR=4.402,95%CI=1.510~12.835)、剂量>200 mL(OR=3.925,95%CI=1.386~11.109)、注射时间<5 min(OR=4.350,95%CI=1.466~12907)、糖尿病(OR=3.731,95%CI=1.228~11.340)、心理障碍(OR=3.129,95%CI=1.071~9.144)是不良反应的独立危险因素。结论:静脉尿路造影不良反应与造影剂的种类、剂量、注射速度、糖尿病、心理障碍密切相关。
Abstract:
Aim:To investigate the risk factors of adverse reaction in intravenous urography.Methods:The general information of 236 intravenous urography patients was retrospectively summarized and patients were divided into adverse reaction group(n=21) and nonadverse reaction group(n=215).The factors which might cause adverse reaction were analyzed with single factor analysis and logistic regression analysis.Results:The single factor analysis showed that ionic contrast agent,dose(>200 mL),injection time(<5 min),diabetes,psychologic obstacle,and age were related to adverse reaction in intravenous urography(χ2/t=9.741,9.314,4.590,9.896,7.235,and 6.892,P<0.05).Logistic regression analysis identified that ionic contrast agent(OR=4.402,95%CI=1.510~12.835),high dose(OR=3.925,95%CI=1.386~11109),injection time <5 min(OR=4.350,95%CI=1.466~12.907),diabetes(OR=3.731,95%CI=1.228~11340),psychologic obstacle(OR=3.129,95%CI=1.071~9.144)were the independent risk factors of adverse reaction.Conclusion:Adverse reactions in intravenous urography are closely related to the type,dose,injection speed of contrast agent,diabetes and psychologic obstacle.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
△女,1972年8月生,本科,主管护师,研究方向:影像科临床护理,Email:bluesu711@hotmail.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-07-03