[1]丰成祥),朱伟)#,张菲菲),等.郑州市4所医院护士职业生命质量影响因素分析[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2013,(02):263.
 FENG Chengxiang),ZHU Wei),ZHANG Feifei),et al.Analysis on quality of work life of nurses with different demographic characteristics in four hospitals of Zhengzhou[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2013,(02):263.
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郑州市4所医院护士职业生命质量影响因素分析
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2013年02期
页码:
263
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2013-03-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis on quality of work life of nurses with different demographic characteristics in four hospitals of Zhengzhou
作者:
丰成祥1)朱伟1)#张菲菲1)孙五美2)
1)郑州大学公共卫生学院社会医学与卫生事业管理教研室 郑州 4500012)郑州大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学教研室 郑州 450001
Author(s):
FENG Chengxiang1)ZHU Wei1)ZHANG Feifei1)SUN Wumei2)
1)Department of Social Medicine and Health Management,College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 4500012)Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics,College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001
关键词:
职业生命质量护士人口学特征郑州
Keywords:
quality of work life nursedemographic characteristicZhengzhou
分类号:
R192.6
摘要:
分析不同人口学特征护士的职业生命质量(QWL)差异,确定重点保护对象。方法:选择郑州市2所3级医院、2所2级医院,随机抽取461名护士,采用QWL量表对其调查分析。结果:女性护士QWL总分及满意度、自豪感、胜任感、主动性得分高于男性护士(t=3.024、4.056、5.534、4.388和4.211,P<0.05);不同年龄护士QWL总分、心理健康、满意度和平衡感得分差异有统计学意义(F=3.999、4.959、3.578和7.895,P<0.05),36~55岁年龄组最高,26~岁年龄组最低;不同婚姻状况护士的胜任感、主动性和平衡感得分差异有统计学意义(F=5.285、3.776和3.542,P<0.05),未婚护士的胜任感和主动性得分较低,但平衡感得分较高;不同月收入护士的胜任感得分差异有统计学意义(F=8.547,P<0.001),随着月收入的增加,护士的胜任感得分逐渐升高;不同学历的护士其QWL状况差异无统计学意义。结论:男性、26~岁年龄段、未婚和低收入的护士QWL较差,是医院管理者关注的重点。
Abstract:
Aim: To study the difference in quality of work of life nurses’ with different demographic characteristics. Methods: A total of 461 nurses selected from two tertiary hospitals and two secondary hospitals by randomization were investigated by the QWL732. Results: Male nurses’ scores were significantly lower than female nurses in quality of work of life and their satisfaction, pride, competence, and initiation (t=3.024,4.056,5.534,4.388 and 4.211,P<0.05).The scores in quality of work of life, psychological heath, satisfaction and sense of balance had significant difference(F=3.999,4.959,3.578and 7.895,P<0.05),among which, the group of 26~ years were the lowest, and the group of 36~55 years were the highest . The nurses unmarried had lower scores in sense of competence and initiation, and those married had higher scores in sense of balance (F=5.285,3.776 and 3.542,P<0.05). Along with the increase of income, the sense of competence scores was growing(F=8.547,P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the quality of work life scores among nurses with different educational background. Conclusion: The nurses who are males, at the age of 26~ years, unmarried and with lowincome are poorer in quality of work life.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
#通讯作者,男,1963年4月生,博士,教授,研究方向:卫生事业管理研究,Email: zhuwei@zzu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-04-19