[1]姚永成),姚武),孙锦峰),等.医务人员的人格特征和一般自我效能感*[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2013,(04):514.
 YAO Yongcheng),YAO Wu),SUN Jinfeng),et al.Relationship between personality characteristics and general selfefficacy among medical personnel[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2013,(04):514.
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医务人员的人格特征和一般自我效能感*
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2013年04期
页码:
514
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2013-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Relationship between personality characteristics and general selfefficacy among medical personnel
作者:
姚永成1姚武1孙锦峰1王威1兰亚佳2#
1)郑州大学公共卫生学院劳动卫生学教研室 郑州 4500012)四川大学华西公共卫生学院劳动卫生学教研室 成都 610041
Author(s):
YAO Yongcheng1)YAO Wu1)SUN Jinfeng1)WANG Wei1)LAN Yajia2)
1)Department of Occupational Health, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 4500012)Department of Occupational Health and Occupational Medicine, West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041
关键词:
医务人员人格特征一般自我效能感
Keywords:
medical personnelpersonality characteristicgeneral selfefficacy
分类号:
R132
摘要:
目的:了解医务人员人格特征和一般自我效能感。方法:采用艾森克人格问卷简式量表和一般自我效能感量表对某市市级医院的1 598名医务人员进行调查。结果: 医生的精神质和神经质得分显著低于护士(t=2.108和2.861,P<0.05),男性医务人员的精神质、内外倾向性和一般自我效能感显著高于女性(t=3.984、2.145和3.041,P<0.05),精神卫生科医务人员的精神质得分显著高于其他科室(F=7.232,P<0.001),急诊科和儿科的神经质得分显著高于其他科室(F=4.455,P<0.001)。不同程度一般自我效能感医务人员的内外倾向性和神经质得分比较差异有统计学意义(F=64.722和67.925,P<0.001)。有较高一般自我效能感的医务人员更外向,情绪更稳定。结论:关注护士和女性医务人员的人格特征,提高其一般自我效能感有利于医务人员的心理健康。
Abstract:
Aim: To assess the relationship between personality characteristics and general selfefficacy among medical personnel, so as to supply evidence for improving the condition of mental health. Methods:A survey was carried out by using the EPQRSC and the GSES in 1 598 medical personnel. Results: Doctors psychoticism and neuroticism were lower than nurses (t=2.108,2.861,P<0.05),while mens psychoticism, extraversion and general selfefficacy were higher than women(t=3.984,2.145,3.041,P<0.05). The scores of psychoticism in staff from Psychiatric department were higher than those from other departments(F=7.232, P<0.001). The scores of neuroticism in staff from departments of Emergency and Pediatrics were higher than those from other departments(F=4.455, P<0.001).The scores of extraversion and neuroticism were obviously different among the high,mild,and low level general selfefficacy groups(F=64.722 and 67.925,P<0.001). The medical personnel with higher general selfefficacy had higher extraversion and more stable emotion.Conclusion: To pay more attention to the personality characteristics of nurses and female medical personnel and improve their general selfefficacy will conducive the mental health of medical staff.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*河南省博士后科研基金资助项目2012年;郑州市科技攻关基金资助项目121PPTGG50824 #通讯作者,男,1961年11月生,博士,教授,研究方向:职业心理学和职业流行病学,Email:lanyajia@sina.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-07-25