[1]张军喜),柴健),马颖辉),等.河南省不同地区再生育人群特征*[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2013,(06):791.
 ZHANG Junxi),CHAI Jian),MA Yinghui),et al.Analysis on the population characteristics of the reproductive couples in different regions of Henan Province[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2013,(06):791.
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河南省不同地区再生育人群特征*
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2013年06期
页码:
791
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2013-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis on the population characteristics of the reproductive couples in different regions of Henan Province
作者:
张军喜1)柴健1)马颖辉1)闫小芹2) 许燕萍3)陈晓红4)蒋丽芳1)#
1)河南省人口和计划生育科学技术研究院社会医学中心 郑州 450002;2)辉县市计划生育指导站 辉县 453600;3)郑州市金水区计划生育指导站 郑州 450003;4)郑州市惠济区计划生育委员会 郑州 450044
Author(s):
ZHANG Junxi1) CHAI Jian1) MA Yinghui1)YAN Xiaoqin2) XU Yanping3) CHEN Xiaohong4) JIANG Lifang1)
1)Henan Provincial Research Institute for Population and Family Planning, Zhengzhou 450002; 2)Huixian Family Planning Service Station, Huixian 453600; 3)Jinshui District Family Planning Service Station, Zhengzhou 450003; 4)Huiji District Population and Family Planning Commission, Zhengzhou 450044
关键词:
再生育夫妇 人口学特征 河南省
Keywords:
reproductive couple population characteristic Henan Province
分类号:
R169.49
摘要:
目的:描述河南省不同地区再生育人群的特征。方法:整群抽取河南省项目点1 250对再生育夫妇,对其人口学特征、不良生活习惯和行为、有害毒物接触史、生育史等进行问卷调查。结果:1 250对再生育夫妇居住在城市497对,城乡结合部47对,农村706对。在城市、城乡结合部和农村地区母亲大专及以上文化程度者分别占68.41%、8.51%和0.71%,年龄≥35岁者分别占59.00%、4.26%和1.70%,地区间比较差异有统计学意义(χ2=838.904、855.914,P<0.001)。第一胎鉴定为病残儿116(9.28%)人,各地区第一胎女孩比例均高于男孩。接触有害毒物的母亲有68人,父亲77人,其中农药接触均最多;有烟酒嗜好的母亲和父亲的比例分别为1.68%和44.80%,城市父亲抽烟人数多于城乡结合部和农村地区,接触有害毒物的人数少于城乡结合部和农村地区(χ2=55.619、19.243,P均<0.001)。有畸形儿生产史的母亲第一胎畸形儿的生育率75.86%(88/116)高于无畸形儿生产史者的0.26%(3/1 134)(χ2=890.987,P<0.001)。结论:文化程度低、接触有害毒物的农村地区和35岁以上的城市地区再生育夫妇是孕前及孕期优生指导的重点人群。
Abstract:
Aim: To describe the main population characteristics of the reproductive couples of Henan Province. Methods:Self-assessment questionnaire was used to investigate 1 250 reproductive couples from project sites in Henan Province using cluster sampling method. Results: In the survey population, 497 people lived in city area, 47 in urban areas and 706 in rural areas. Mother with a college degree or above in city, urban and rural areas accounted for 68.41%, 8.51% and 0.71%,and mother aged more than 35 years accounted for 59.00%, 4.26% and 1.70%,respectively, and there were significant differences among the 3 areas(χ2=838.904,855.914,P<0.001). Among the first birth,the constituent ratio of girls was higher than boys in all areas, and the proportion of disabled children was 9.28%(116/1 250). 68 mothers and 77 fathers were exposed to toxic or hazardous substances, and the exposure frequency to pesticides was the highest.The proportions of the mothers fond of smoking and alcohol were 1.68%, and 44.80% in fathers. The proportion of fathers who had smoking history was higher and exposure to harmful poisons was lower in city than those in rural and urban areas(χ2=55.619,19.243,P<0.001). The birth defect rate of the first birth of the mothers with a history of deformed children was 75.86%, higher than those without a history of defects(0.26%)(χ2=890.987,P<0.001). Conclusion: The reproductive couples with low education level and exposure to harmful poisons in rural and urban areas, and aged over 35 years in urban area need to strengthen pre-pregnancy and pregnancy eugenic guidance.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*河南省科技厅项目省属预研专项 09yy0076
#通讯作者,女,1963年6月生,本科,研究员,研究方向:生殖健康,E-mail:jiangzz66@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-11-20