[1]王丛丛),周刚)#,冯石献),等.河南省15岁及以上居民高血压知晓率、治疗率及控制率[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2013,(06):829.
 WANG Congcong),ZHOU Gang),FENG Shixian),et al.Awareness, treatment, and control rates of hypertension among residents aged 15 and above in Henan province[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2013,(06):829.
点击复制

河南省15岁及以上居民高血压知晓率、治疗率及控制率
分享到:

《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2013年06期
页码:
829
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2013-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Awareness, treatment, and control rates of hypertension among residents aged 15 and above in Henan province
作者:
王丛丛1)周刚2)#冯石献2)韩冰2)高莉2)冯化飞2)
1)郑州大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室 郑州 450001;2)河南省疾病预防控制中心健康教育与慢性非传染性疾病防治研究所 郑州 450016
Author(s):
WANG Congcong1)ZHOU Gang2)FENG Shixian2)HAN Bing2)GAO Li2)FENG Huafei2)
1)Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001; 2)Institute of Health Education and Chronic and Noncommunication Disease Control and Prevention, Henan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhengzhou 450016
关键词:
高血压 知晓率 治疗率 控制率 河南省
Keywords:
hypertension awareness rate treatment rate control rate Henan province
分类号:
R181.2
摘要:
目的:掌握河南省15岁及以上居民的高血压知晓率、治疗率和控制率,为更好地开展高血压防控工作提供依据。方法:采用多阶段随机抽样方法,选择河南省30个县、60个街道办事处/乡镇,共抽取15~74岁城乡居民18 772人。通过问卷调查获得个人资料,通过体格检查测定个人血压。结果:河南省15岁及以上居民高血压知晓率、治疗率、控制率分别为45.97%、35.72%、10.40%。高血压知晓率、治疗率、控制率均为城市居民高于农村居民(χ2=35.228、38.673、38.369,P均<0.001)。高血压知晓率和治疗率均为女性高于男性(χ2=17.637、16.002,P均<0.001),且随着年龄(χ2趋势=308.764、343.434,P均<0.001)和BMI(χ2趋势=66.639、54.072,P均<0.001)的升高逐渐升高。不同文化程度、月收入水平和职业居民的高血压知晓率、治疗率、控制率不同(P均<0.05)。结论:不同生理与社会特征居民的高血压知晓率、治疗率、控制率不同,高血压的防控工作不仅要提高个人防控意识,还需要政府与全社会的共同支持。
Abstract:
Aim: To master awareness, treatment, and control rates of hypertension among residents aged 15 and above in Henan province, and provide evidence for the prevention and control work in hypertension. Methods:A total of 18 772 urban and rural residents aged 15 to 74 years were selected by using multi-stage sampling method, covering 30 counties, 60 street offices/villages and towns in the whole province. Results: The rates of awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in residents aged 15 and above in Henan province were 45.97%, 35.72% and 10.40%, respectively. The 3 rates of hypertension were higher in residents of urban area than those of rural area(χ2=35.228,38.673,38.369,P<0.001). The rates of awareness and treatment of hypertension for female were higher than those of male(χ2=17.637,16.002,P<0.001). The rates of awareness and treatment of hypertension gradually increased along with the age(χ2trend=308.764,343.434,P<0.001)and BMI(χ2trend=66.639, 54.072,P<0.001).The 3 rates of hypertension were different in residents with different degrees of education, income levels and occupations(P<0.05).Conclusion: Prevention and control of hypertension not only need people raising awareness but also need support of government and the whole society, because three rates of hypertension are different in people with different physiological and social characteristics.

参考文献/References:

[1] 中国高血压防治指南修订委员会.中国高血压防治指南2010[J].中华高血压杂志,2011,19(8):701
[2] 段秀芳,吴锡桂.原发性高血压的流行病学[M]//李立明.中国居民营养与健康状况调查报告之四:2002高血压.北京:人民卫生出版社,2008:23
[3] 王增武,王馨,李贤,等.中年人群高血压患病率及控制状况的演变趋势[J].中华高血压杂志,2008,16(11):1033
[4] 陈培培,娄培安,余加席,等.徐州市居民高血压患病率、知晓率、治疗率及控制情况调查[J].中华保健医学杂志,2010,12(1):9
[5] 邓颖,杨文,高亚礼,等.四川城乡15岁及以上居民高血压流行特征及防治现状[J].预防医学情报杂志,2008,24(12):968
[6] 韩冰,余大海,王重建,等.河南某农村人群高血压患病率、知晓率、治疗率和控制率调查[J].郑州大学学报:医学版,2009,44(2):337
[7] 李镒冲,王丽敏,姜勇,等.2010年中国成年人高血压患病情况[J].中华预防医学杂志, 2012, 46(5):409
[8] 李嫣然,杜萱,金翠燕.加强高血压防治的意义和策略[J].心血管病学进展,2007,28(2):305

相似文献/References:

[1]周一帆),画宝勇),田庆丰)#.健康档案在高血压社区管理中的效果[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2010,(01):121.
 ZHOU Yifan),HUA Baoyong),TIAN Qingfeng).Effect of healthy records on hypertension management in community health services[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2010,(06):121.
[2]张雷),张书芳),胡东生),等.河南省居民营养与健康状况调查[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2010,(01):124.
 ZHANG Lei),ZHANG Shufang),HU Dongsheng),et al.Nutrition and health status survey in Henan Province[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2010,(06):124.
[3]杨俊敏),王颖)#,燕树勋),等.螺内酯联合咪哒普利对原发性高血压并左室肥厚患者血清Ⅲ型前胶原含量和左室肥厚的影响[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2009,(05):993.
 YANG Junmin),WANG Ying),YAN Shuxun),et al.Effects of spironolactone in conjunction with imidapril on circulating procollagen Ⅲ and left ventricle hypertrophy in patients with essential hypertension and left ventricle hypertrophy[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2009,(06):993.
[4]韩冰),余大海),王重建),等.河南某农村人群高血压患病率、知晓率、治疗率和控制率调查*[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2009,(02):337.
 HAN Bing),YU Dahai),WANG Chongjian),et al.Prevalence,awareness,treatment and control of hypertension in rural areas of Henan[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2009,(06):337.
[5]马笑堃),秦贵军),汪丽),等.原发性醛固酮增多症38例临床分析[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2009,(02):453.
[6]孙宁玲△.2008年国际高血压研究新视点对我国高血压研究的启示[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2009,(04):695.
[7]白雪洋,李凌#,孙国举,等.不同程度冠状动脉病变患者脉压检测[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2009,(03):641.
 BAI Xueyang,LI Ling,SUN Guoju,et al.Determination of pulse pressure in patients with different coronary lesion[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2009,(06):641.
[8]潘静静,王重建,杨黎明,等.河南农村成年人高血压患病率及影响因素*[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2010,(03):429.
 PAN Jingjing,WANG Chongjian,YANG Liming,et al.Prevalence of hypertension and influencing factors among rural adults in Henan province[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2010,(06):429.
[9]孙献周)△,郭影),申明慧),等.河南农村居民肥胖患病率与糖尿病、高血压和血脂异常的关系[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2010,(03):488.
 SUN Xianzhou),GUO Ying),SHEN Minghui),et al.Relationship of obesity prevalence and diabetes, hypertension,and dyslipidemia for residents in Henan rural communities[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2010,(06):488.
[10]蔡雅梅.北京市海淀区高校大学生对艾滋病态度的现况调查[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2010,(05):847.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
#通讯作者,男,1959年6月生,硕士,主任医师,研究方向:慢性病流行病学,E-mail: Zhougang2001@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-11-20