[1]马雅婷△,张肖肖,王长双,等.河南省1992年至2011年麻疹流行病学特征[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2013,(06):832.
 MA Yating,ZHANG Xiaoxiao,WANG Changshuang,et al.Epidemiological characteristics of measles in Henan province during 1992 to 2011[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2013,(06):832.
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河南省1992年至2011年麻疹流行病学特征
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2013年06期
页码:
832
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2013-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Epidemiological characteristics of measles in Henan province during 1992 to 2011
作者:
马雅婷张肖肖王长双董蒲梅张延炀郭万申
河南省疾病预防控制中心免疫预防与规划所 郑州 450016
Author(s):
MA Yating ZHANG Xiaoxiao WANG Changshuang DONG Pumei ZHANG Yanyang GUO Wanshen
Department of Expanded Program for Immunization, Henan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhengzhou 450016
关键词:
麻疹 流行病学特征 河南省
Keywords:
measles epidemiological characteristics Henan Province
分类号:
R183.3
摘要:
目的:分析河南省1992年至2011年麻疹流行病学特征,探讨麻疹防控措施。方法:采用描述性流行病学方法对法定传染病报告系统和麻疹监测系统1992年至2011年的资料进行分析。结果:1992年至2011年河南省麻疹年均发病率为5.27/10万;2011年麻疹发病率大幅降低至历史最低水平; 0~4岁组儿童发病率最高,<1岁组病例构成比逐年上升;2010年以来各市麻疹发病降低,季节高峰不明显;无免疫史病例所占比例逐年上升,估算接种率低于报告水平。结论:1岁以下儿童是麻疹防控的重点。规范化接种、提高含麻疹成分疫苗(MCV)接种率、采取多种方式加强对重点地区儿童的预防接种服务是今后全省麻疹防控的重点工作。
Abstract:
Aim: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of measles in Henan Province from 1992 to 2011. Methods:Descriptive epidemiological analysis was conducted on the incidence data of measles reported through notifiable communicable disease reporting system and measles surveillance system. Results: The average annual incidence was 5.27/100 000 from 1992 to 2011. The incidence significantly reduced to the lowest level in 2011. The incidence was highest in children aged 0 to 4 years, and the proportion in children aged <1 year increased notably. The incidence was reduced in all cities, and the incidence peak was unconspicuous. The proportion of cases without non-immunized history was increased year by year. The estimated vaccination rate was lower than that reported. Conclusion: Children under 1 year old is the focus of prevention and control of measles. The emphasis in work are standardized vaccination, increasing the vaccination rate of MCV, and improving service to children in key regions.

参考文献/References:

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相似文献/References:

[1]路明霞△,张肖肖,马雅婷,等.河南省2010年麻疹流行病学分析及监测系统运转评价[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2012,(06):862.
 LU Mingxia,ZHANG Xiaoxiao,MA Yating,et al.Analysis of measles epidemiologic characteristics and evaluation of monitoring system in Henan province in 2010[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2012,(06):862.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
△女,1982年7月生,硕士,医师,研究方向:传染病的流行病学,E-mail:mayating7420948@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-11-20