[1]韩冰)△,周刚),冯石献),等.河南省居民高血压相关危险因素分析*[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2014,(01):89.
 HAN Bing#,ZHOU Gang#,FENG Shixian#,et al.Risk factors of hypertension in residents of Henan Province[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2014,(01):89.
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河南省居民高血压相关危险因素分析*
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2014年01期
页码:
89
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2014-01-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Risk factors of hypertension in residents of Henan Province
作者:
韩冰1)周刚2)冯石献1)高莉1)冯化飞1)王丛丛3)
1)河南省疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病防治室 郑州 4500162)河南省疾病预防控制中心健康教育与慢性非传染性疾病防治研究所 郑州 4500163)郑州大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室 郑州 450001
Author(s):
HAN Bing1)#ZHOU Gang2)#FENG Shixian1)#GAO Li1)#FENG Huafei1)#WANG Congcong3)#
1)Department of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases Control Prevention,Henan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention ,Zhengzhou 4500162)Institute of Health Education and Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases Control Prevention,Henan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhengzhou 4500163)Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health,Zhengzhou University,Zhengzhou 450001
关键词:
高血压危险因素河南省
Keywords:
hypertensionrisk factorHenan Province
分类号:
R181.2
摘要:
目的:了解河南省居民高血压相关危险因素,为制定高血压防治策略提供科学依据。方法:采用多阶段抽样方法,在全省30个县区共抽取15~74岁城乡居民18 772人,由经过培训的专业人员对其进行血压测量、体格检查和问卷调查。 结果:有父母高血压、冠心病、脑卒中家族史者患高血压的危险度高于无家族史者。吸烟、饮酒人群患高血压的危险度高于不吸烟、不饮酒人群。食盐、食用油摄入过量者患高血压的危险度较高。超重、肥胖和糖尿病患者患高血压的风险明显高于体重、血糖正常人群。多因素logistic回归分析显示,调整了年龄、性别等因素后,高血压家族史、饮酒、中心性肥胖、超重及肥胖和糖尿病是高血压患病的独立危险因素[OR(95%CI)=2.030(1.485~2.774)、1.157(1.060~1.365)、1.426(1.185~1.715)、1.935(1.725~2.170)、1.711(1.390~2.107)]。 结论:大力开展健康教育,并对超重、肥胖和糖尿病患者进行重点干预,对预防高血压的发生有重要意义。
Abstract:
Aim: To identify the prevalence and risk factors of hypertension in residents of Henan, and provide evidences and suggestions to prevent and control hypertension in future. Methods: A total of 18 772 residents aged 15 to 74 years were selected with a multistage sampling technique in 30 counties. A crosssectional study with blood pressure measurement, physical examination and questionnaire interview were carried out for every participant by trained professionals. Results: The population with family history of hypertension, coronary heart disease, and stroke had higher risk for hypertension than those without. The population who smoked, drinked had higher risk than those who did not. The population with excess salt intake and oil intake had higher risk for hypertension. The population with overweight,obesity and diabetes mellitus had more higher risk for hypertension. After adjusted for age, gender and other factors, logistic regression analysis showed that family history of hypertension, drinking, central obesity,overweight and obesity, diabetes mellitus were significantly associated with hypertension[OR(95%CI)=2.030(1.485-2.774),1.157(1.060-1.365),1.426(1.185-1.715),1.935(1.725-2.170),1.711(1.390-2.107)]. Conclusion: To carry out health education energetically and give intervention to the population with overweight and obesity and diabetes mellitus are of great value in the prevention of hypertension.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*河南省卫生厅支持的重大疾病调查项目2013年;△女,1983年9月生,硕士,主治医师,研究方向:慢性病,Email:sjkhan@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-02-20