[1]高莉)△,周刚),冯石献),等.河南省居民糖尿病流行特征调查*[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2014,(01):123.
 GAO Li#,ZHOU Gang#,FENG Shixian#,et al.Epidemiological investigation of diabetes among residents in Henan[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2014,(01):123.
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河南省居民糖尿病流行特征调查*
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2014年01期
页码:
123
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2014-01-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Epidemiological investigation of diabetes among residents in Henan
作者:
高莉1)周刚1)冯石献1)冯化飞1)韩冰1)王丛丛2)
1)河南省疾病预防控制中心健康教育与慢性非传染性疾病防治研究所 郑州 4500162)郑州大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室 郑州 450001
Author(s):
GAO Li1)# ZHOU Gang1)# FENG Shixian1)# FENG Huafei1)# HAN Bing1)# WANG Congcong2)#
1)Institute of Health Education and Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases Control and Prevention,Henan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Zhengzhou 4500162)Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001
关键词:
糖尿病患病率流行特征河南省
Keywords:
diabetes prevalence rate epidemiological characteristic Henan
分类号:
R181.2
摘要:
目的:掌握河南省居民糖尿病的患病现况及其分布特征,为制定河南省糖尿病防控策略提供基础数据。方法:采用多阶段抽样方法,对河南省15~74岁城乡居民进行调查。结果:河南省15~74岁居民糖尿病患病率为9.21%(标化后为9.96%)。城乡之间患病率比较差异无统计学意义(χ2=0.024,P=0.877),分别为9.25%和9.18%。男女之间比较差异亦无统计学意义(χ2=2.075,P=0.150),分别为9.54%和8.94%。随着年龄的增长糖尿病的患病率逐渐上升(χ2趋势=1 521.916,P<0.001)。不同职业居民糖尿病患病率比较,差异有统计学意义(χ2=435.482,P<0.001),较高的为离退休人员和农民,分别为23.89%和11.07%。不同文化程度居民糖尿病患病率比较,差异有统计学意义(χ2=506.371,P<0.001)。低体重、正常体重、超重、肥胖居民糖尿病患病率逐渐升高(χ2趋势=583.366,P<0.001),且超重和肥胖居民糖尿病患病率高于正常体重者(P<0.001)。中心性肥胖居民糖尿病患病率高于腰围正常居民(χ2=609.229,P<0.001)。结论:河南省糖尿病患病率处于较高的水平。采取针对性的预防控制措施是目前河南省糖尿病防治工作的重要内容。
Abstract:
Aim: To master the prevalence and distribution characteristics of diabetes(DM) among residents in Henan, and to provide basic data for developing intervention strategy. Methods: Through multistage sampling method, residents aged between 15 and 74 years in Henan was studied. Results: The prevalence rate of DM was 9.21% in the population aged 15 and 74 years (standardized rate was 9.96%). The prevalence rates of DM in urban and rural areas were 9.25% and 9.18% respectively(χ2=0.024,P=0.877). The prevalence rates of DM in men and women were 9.54% and 8.94% respectively(χ2=2.075,P=0.150).The prevalence rate of DM increased with increasing age(χ2trend=1 521.916,P<0.001). There was significant difference in DM prevalence rate among people of different occupations(χ2=435.482,P<0.001).Compared with other occupations, the prevalence rates of DM in retirees and peasants were higher, being 23.89% and 11.07% respectively. The prevalence rates of DM showed significant differences among population with different education attainment(χ2=506.371,P<0.001). The prevalence rates of DM showed significant differences among population with different BMI(χ2trend=583.366,P<0.001), and the prevalence rates of DM in population with overweight and obesity were significantly higher than that of those with normal weight(P<0.001). The prevalence rate of DM in population with central obesity was significantly higher than that of those with normal waistline(χ2=609.229,P<0.001).Conclusion: The prevalence rate of DM was in a higher level in Henan. It should be important to take targeted measures to prevent and control DM.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*河南省卫生厅重大疾病流行病学调查课题;△女,1986年2月生,硕士,研究方向:慢性病,Email:gaoliligao@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-02-20