[1]王大军.河南省中小学教师职业倦怠的现状及成因分析*[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2015,(01):110.
 WANG Dajun.Analysis of status and causes of teachers′ occupation burnout of middle and primary school in Henan Province[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2015,(01):110.
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河南省中小学教师职业倦怠的现状及成因分析*
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2015年01期
页码:
110
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2015-01-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis of status and causes of teachers′ occupation burnout of middle and primary school in Henan Province
作者:
王大军
郑州大学教育系 郑州 450001
Author(s):
WANG Dajun
Department of Education, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001
关键词:
中小学教师职业倦怠社会支持总体幸福感职业压力河南省
Keywords:
primary and middle school teacherjob burnoutsocial supportoverall sense of happiness occupational stressHenan Province
分类号:
R395.6
摘要:
摘要目的:探讨河南省中小学教师职业倦怠现状、成因及对策。方法:采用教师职业倦怠量表、社会支持评定量表、总体幸福感量表和教师职业压力源问卷,于2013年采用分层随机整群的抽样方法,对560名中小学教师进行调查。结果:男性教师情感衰竭和去人格化程度高于女性(t=2.132和2.293,P<0.05);不同年龄段的教师情感衰竭和去人格化得分差异有统计学意义(F=15.722和5.573,P<0.05);不同教龄教师在情感衰竭和去人格化得分上差异有统计学意义(F=11.048和3.930,P<0.05);不同职称的教师在情感衰竭的得分上差异有统计学意义(F=11.751,P<0.001);中学老师的情感衰竭和去人格化得分高于小学教师(t=6.333和3.220, P<0.05);城市(县市)地区教师的情感衰竭和去人格化得分高于农村地区(t=5.124和2.315, P<0.05)。社会支持3个因子与去人格化呈负相关,与成就感低落呈正相关(P<0.05);除松弛与紧张因子外,总体幸福感的其他5个因子与情感衰竭、去人格化呈负相关,与成就感低落呈正相关(P<0.05);职业压力的6个因子与情感衰竭和去人格化呈正相关(P<0.05)。结论:中小学教师的社会支持度、总体幸福感和职业压力对中小学教师职业倦怠产生影响。
Abstract:
AbstractAim: To examine the status, causes and countermeasures for occupation burnout of the teachers from middle and primary school in Henan Province. Methods: The teachers′ job burnout scale, social support rating scale, the overall wellbeing scale and teachers occupational stressor questionnaire were used to survey 560 primary and secondary school teachers selected by stratified random cluster sampling in 2013. Results: Emotional exhaustion and depersonalization scores for males were higher than those for females(t=2.132 and 2.293,P<0.05), teachers of different ages differed in emotional exhaustion and depersonalization scores significantly(F=15.722 and 5.573,P<0.05), teachers of different teaching segments differed in emotional exhaustion and depersonalization scores(F=11.048 and 3.930,P<0.05), teachers of different titles differed in emotional exhaustion scores significantly (F=11.751, P<0.001), emotional exhaustion and depersonalization scores of middle school teachers were significantly higher than those of primary school teachers(t=6.333 and 3.220,P<0.05), emotional exhaustion and depersonalization scores of teachers in urban areas were significantly higher than those in rural areas(t=5.124 and 2.315,P<0.05).Three factors of social support were negatively correlated with depersonalization score, but positively correlated with low sense of achievement(P<0.05),except relaxation and stress factors, the other five factors of the overall wellbeing were negatively correlated with emotional exhaustion and depersonalization scores,but positively correlated with low sense of achievement(P<0.05),the six factors of occupational stress were positively correlated with emotional exhaustion and depersonalization scores(P<0.05).Conclusion:The social support,general wellbeing and occupational stress have influence on primary and secondary school teachers' occupational burnout.

参考文献/References:

参考文献 [1]刘晓明,王丽荣,金宏章,等.职业压力影响中小学教师职业倦怠的作用机制研究[J].中国临床心理学杂志,2008,16(5):537 [2]Siti Aisyah Binti Panatik,Siti Khadijah Zainal Badri,Azizah Rajab,et al.The impact of work family conflict on psychological wellbeing among school teachers in Malaysia[J].Procedia Soc Behav Sci,2011,29:1500 [3]伍新春,曾玲娟,秦宪刚,等.中小学教师职业倦怠的现状及相关因素研究[J].心理与行为研究,2003,1(4):262 [4]Champion DF,Westbrook BW.Maslach burnout inventory[J].Measurement Evaluation Counseling Development,1984,17(2):100 [5]赵玉芳,毕重增.中学教师职业倦怠状况及影响因素的研究[J].心理发展与教育,2003,19(1):80 [6]Boyle GJ,Borg MG,Falzon JM,et al.A structural model of the dimensions of teacher stress[J].Br J Educ Psychol, 1995,65(Pt 1):49 [7]Vandenberghe R,Huberman AM.Understanding and peventing tacher brnout:A surcebook of iternational rsearch and pactice[M].Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,1999:15 [8]刘晴.中小学教师职业倦怠影响因素及模型研究[D].武汉:华中科技大学,2007. [9]Lau Patrick SY,Yuen Man Tak,Chan Raymond MC.Do demographic characteristics make a difference to burnout among Hong Kong secondary school teacher?[J].Soc Indic Res,2005,71(1):491

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*河南省教育厅2012年度教师教育课程改革研究项目 △男,1964年7月生,硕士,副教授,研究方向:教育伦理学,E-mail:wdj@zzu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01