[1]刘晓晶),王小丹)#,余喻连),等.海口市老年人口腔健康相关生活质量调查分析*[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2015,(02):218.
 LIU Xiaojing),WANG Xiaodan),YU Yulian),et al.Investigation and analysis of oral healthrelated quality of life of the elderly in Haikou city[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2015,(02):218.
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海口市老年人口腔健康相关生活质量调查分析*
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2015年02期
页码:
218
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2015-03-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Investigation and analysis of oral healthrelated quality of life of the elderly in Haikou city
作者:
刘晓晶1)王小丹2)#余喻连2)郭玉燕2)高允锁3)蒋湘玲3)
1)中南大学湘雅医学院附属海口医院口腔中心;海南省口腔医学中心 海口 5701022)海南医学院卫生统计学教研室 海口 5711013)海南省人民医院心理科 海口 570311
Author(s):
LIU Xiaojing1)WANG Xiaodan2)YU Yulian2)GUO Yuyan2)GAO Yunsuo3)JIANG Xiangling3)
1)Department of Prosthodontics,Affiliated Haikou Hospital, Xiangya Medical School, Central South University;Hainan Provincial Stomatology Center, Haikou 5701022)Health Statistics Teaching Department,Hainan Medical College,Haikou 5711013)Mental Department,Hainan Provincial People's Hospital,Haikou 570311
关键词:
生活质量口腔健康影响因素老年人海口市
Keywords:
quality of lifeoral healthinfluential factorthe elderlyHaikou city
分类号:
R780.1
摘要:
目的:了解海口市老年人口腔健康相关生活质量现状及其影响因素。方法:采用一般情况调查表、第三次全国口腔调查表、口腔健康影响程度量表(OHIP14中文版)对767名海口市老年人进行横断面调查。结果:OHIP14总分为(37.72±9.72)分,独立能力减弱、心理不适、身体机能不适、疼痛与不适等4个维度得分分别为(15.34±4.33)、(8.99±2.85)、(5.69±1.19)、(7.70±2.97)分。有牙龈肿痛、牙龈退缩、牙齿疼痛、牙齿脱落、牙齿松动、口臭等6个口腔疾患的老年人OHIP14总分及各维度得分高于无疾患者(P<0.001)。多重线性回归分析结果显示,影响老年人口腔健康相关生活质量的因素有年龄(β=-0.152,P<0.001)、文化程度(β=-1.042,P<0.001)、个人月收入(β=2.016,P<0.001)、牙龈肿痛(β=-1.737,P=0.018)、牙龈退缩(β=-2.307,P=0.002)、牙齿疼痛(β=-2.875,P<0.001)、牙齿脱落(β=-3.264,P<0.001)、口臭(β=-4.687,P<0.001)、牙齿满意度(β=1.514,P<0.001)。结论:影响老年人口腔健康相关生活质量的因素是多方位的,应采取综合措施进行预防。
Abstract:
Aim: To study the oral healthrelated quality of life of the elderly in Haikou city. Methods: A crosssectional study was conducted in 767 elderly people from Haikou city with a selfmade general situation questionnaire,the Third National Oral Health Questionnaire and Oral Health Impact Profile(OHIP14 Chinese Edition). Results: The total score of OHIP14 was (37.72±9.72), and those of the following four dimensions(independent ability weakening, psychological discomfort, physical discomfort, pain and discomfort) were (15.34±4.33),(8.99±2.85),(5.69±1.19), (7.70±2.97).The differences in the total score and those of the four dimensions between the elderly with and without oral diseases were significant(P<0.001).The result of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the factors affecting oral healthrelated quality of life of the elderly were age(β=-0.152,P<0.001),culture degree(β=-1.042,P<0.001),personal income(β=2.016,P<0.001),sore gums(β=-1.737,P=0.018),gums back(β=-2.307,P=0.002),teeth pain(β=-2.875,P<0.001),tooth loss(β=-3.264,P<0.001),fetid breath(β=-4.687,P<0.001),and teeth satisfaction(β=1.514,P<0.001).Conclusion: The influential factors for oral healthrelated quality of life among elderly people are multiple, so synthetic measures should be taken.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*海南省重点科技计划项目ZDXM20100043;海南省国际科技合作专项KJHZ201409;海口市人民医院内应用基础课题2014YYJ08
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01