[1]孙盼盼,王卫峰,周刚#,等.河南省青少年吸烟行为影响因素分析[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2015,(06):834-837.
 SUN Panpan,WANG Weifeng,ZHOU Gang,et al.Influence factors of smoking among adolescents in Henan Province[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2015,(06):834-837.
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河南省青少年吸烟行为影响因素分析()
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2015年06期
页码:
834-837
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2015-12-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Influence factors of smoking among adolescents in Henan Province
作者:
孙盼盼1王卫峰2周刚2#李建彬1
1郑州大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室 郑州 4500012河南省疾病预防控制中心健康教育与慢性非传染性疾病防治研究所 郑州450016
Author(s):
SUN Panpan1 WANG Weifeng2 ZHOU Gang2 LI Jianbin1
1Department of Epidemiology,College of Public Health,Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 4500012Institute of Health Education and Chronic Noncommunicable Disease Control and Prevention,Henan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Zhengzhou 450016
关键词:
青少年吸烟影响因素河南省
Keywords:
adolescentsmokinginfluence factorsHenan Province
分类号:
G417
摘要:
目的:探讨河南省青少年吸烟行为的影响因素,为有针对性地预防和控制青少年吸烟提供科学依据。方法:采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样方法,全省抽取16个调查点48所初中共7 789名学生进行问卷调查。结果:河南省青少年尝试吸烟率和现在吸烟率分别为20.87%和5.87%。单因素分析结果显示青少年的尝试吸烟率和现在吸烟率均为男生高于女生,且随着年龄的增长,每周零花钱的增多,烟草广告暴露程度、父母吸烟和好朋友吸烟比例、看到老师吸烟频率的增高而增高(P<0.001)。多因素logistic回归分析显示青少年尝试吸烟和现在吸烟行为的危险因素均包括男生、每周零花钱21~元组和>40元组、好朋友吸烟、看到老师在学校吸烟及认为在社交场合吸烟使人更舒服,好朋友吸烟是最重要的影响因素;保护因素包括认为吸烟能使年轻人减少吸引力及在社交场合吸烟使人更不舒服[OR(95%CI)=0.762(0.651~0.900)、0.661(0.552~0.798)和0.710(0.527~0.953)、0.421(0.321~0.560)]。结论:青少年吸烟受多方面因素的影响,好朋友吸烟是最重要的影响因素,在开展青少年吸烟防控工作时尤其应注重同伴控烟教育。
Abstract:
Aim: To explore influence factors of adolescents′ smoking behavior in Henan Province to Provide scientific basis for preventing and control youth smoking.Methods: A total of 7 789 students in 48 middle schools from 16 districts in Henan Province were chosen by stratified cluster sampling and surveyed with a questionnaire.Results: The rate of attempting smoking and currently smoking were desperately 20.87% and 5.87%. Single factor analysis showed that the smoking rate were higher in boys than in girls, with age, weekly pocket money, the percentage of tobacco advertising exposure, smoking frequencies of parents,and peers ,and the times seeing the teacher smoking(P<0.001).Results of logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors associated with smoking among youths included being boys, weekly allowance between 21 to 40 RMB and more than 40 RMB, peers′ smoking, seeing the teacher smoking at school and considering smoking in social occasions to make people more comfortable. Peers′ smoking behavior was the strongest factor. The protective factors included considering smoking to reduce attraction and considering smoking in social occasions to make people more uncomfortable[OR(95%CI)=0.762(0.651-0.900),0.661(0.552-0.798),0.710(0.527-0.953),0.421(0.321-0.560)]. Conclusion: There are many factors affecting smoking behavior among adolescents, and peers′ smoking is the most important risk factor. So more attention should be paid to peers education at the time of tobacco control among adolescents.

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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01