[1]王文文),张玉林),周 刚)#,等.河南省居民慢性病防治素养水平及其影响因素*[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2017,(04):483-487.[doi:10.13705/j.issn.1671-6825.2017.04.027]
 WANG Wenwen),ZHANG Yulin),ZHOU Gang),et al.The level of chronic disease prevention literacy among residents in Henan Province and its influencing factors[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2017,(04):483-487.[doi:10.13705/j.issn.1671-6825.2017.04.027]
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河南省居民慢性病防治素养水平及其影响因素*()
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2017年04期
页码:
483-487
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2017-07-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
The level of chronic disease prevention literacy among residents in Henan Province and its influencing factors
作者:
王文文1) 张玉林2) 周 刚1)# 闫 歌2)
1)郑州大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室 郑州 450001;
2)河南省疾病预防控制中心健康教育与慢性非传染性疾病防治研究所 郑州 450016
Author(s):
WANG Wenwen1) ZHANG Yulin2) ZHOU Gang1) YAN Ge2)
1)Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001;
2)Institute of Health Education and Chronic Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention,Henan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Zhengzhou 450016
关键词:
河南省居民 慢性病防治素养 影响因素
Keywords:
resident of Henan Province chronic disease prevention literacy influencing factor
分类号:
R193
DOI:
10.13705/j.issn.1671-6825.2017.04.027
摘要:
目的:了解河南省居民慢性病防治素养现状及其影响因素,为有针对性地制定慢性病相关的健康教育与健康促进策略提供科学依据。方法:采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样的方法,对2014年河南省16个监测县(区)15~69岁常住人口共4 320人进行问卷调查。结果:共收回有效问卷4 241份,问卷有效率为98.2%。加权调整后,河南省居民2014年慢性病防治素养水平为5.7%。多因素logistic回归分析结果显示,文化程度、职业、自评健康状况是河南省居民慢性病防治素养的影响因素。文化程度越高,具备慢性病防治素养的可能性越高,以不识字/少识字为参照,大专/本科及以上者具备慢性病防治素养的OR值为76.966(95%CI:12.335~480.256); 以农民为对照,公务员/事业单位人员具备慢性病防治素养的OR值为2.490(95%CI: 1.094~5.667); 以自评健康状况好为对照,自评健康状况一般的居民具备慢性病防治素养的OR值为0.563(95%CI:0.355~0.893)。结论:河南省居民慢性病防治素养水平较低,农民、文化程度较低者及自评健康状况差的人群是重点干预对象。
Abstract:
Aim: To understand the status and its influencing factors of chronic disease prevention literacy in residents of Henan Province and provide the scientific supports for targeted health education and health promotion strategies about chronic diseases.Methods: Using multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method, 4 320 residents aged 15 to 69 years from 16 counties of Henan Province in 2014 were investigated.Results: A total of 4 241 valid questionnaires were collected and the questionnaire response rate was 98.2%. The adjusted level of chronic diseases prevention literacy among residents of Henan Province in 2014 was 5.7%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that education degree, occupation and self-rated health status were the factors of chronic disease prevention literacy. The people with higher education degree had higher chronic disease prevention literacy, that was referring to people who were illiterate or less literate, the people in education level of college and above had higher chronic disease prevention literacy, and the OR value was 76.966(95%CI:12.335-480.256); taking the farmers as the reference, civil servants/institutions faculty had higher chronic disease prevention literacy, and the OR value was 2.490(95%CI: 1.094-5.667); compared with the people who were in good self-rated health status, the people who were in the general health status had lower chronic disease prevention literacy, and the OR value was 0.563(95%CI:0.355-0.893).Conclusion: The level of chronic disease prevention literacy of the residents in Henan Province is relatively low, and the farmers, the people with low education degree or poor health state are the key intervention populations.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*2014年中央补助地方健康素养促进行动项目; 河南省慢性病综合防控体系建设研究 YWZY201307
#通信作者,男,1959年6月生,硕士,主任医师,研究方向:慢性病流行病学,E-mail:zhougang2001@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-07-20