[1]许 慧,刘亚旋,许 潇,等.河南省中小学学生身体形态发育30 a动态分析[J].郑州大学学报(医学版),2018,(04):535-540.[doi:10.13705/j.issn.1671-6825.2018.03.051]
 XU Hui,LIU Yaxuan,XU Xiao,et al.Development of primary and middle school students' body shape in 30 years in Henan Province[J].JOURNAL OF ZHENGZHOU UNIVERSITY(MEDICAL SCIENCES),2018,(04):535-540.[doi:10.13705/j.issn.1671-6825.2018.03.051]
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河南省中小学学生身体形态发育30 a动态分析()
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《郑州大学学报(医学版)》[ISSN:1671-6825/CN:41-1340/R]

卷:
期数:
2018年04期
页码:
535-540
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2018-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Development of primary and middle school students' body shape in 30 years in Henan Province
作者:
许 慧 刘亚旋 许 潇 梁 潇
郑州大学教育学院 郑州 450001
Author(s):
XU Hui LIU Yaxuan XU Xiao LIANG Xiao
School of Education, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001
关键词:
中小学学生 身体形态 河南省
Keywords:
primary and middle school students body shape Henan Province
分类号:
G478; R195.2
DOI:
10.13705/j.issn.1671-6825.2018.03.051
摘要:
目的:分析最近30 a河南省中小学学生身体形态的发育状况及动态变化规律。方法:基于1985年至2014年7次全国学生体质健康监测数据资料, 收集河南省7~18岁中小学学生身高、体重和胸围的数据, 采用回归分析法分析其身体形态的动态变化规律。结果:30 a间, 河南省中小学男生各年龄的身高、体重及胸围的平均增长速率分别为0.27 cm/a、0.34 kg/a和0.19 cm/a, 女生分别为0.20 cm/a、0.24 kg/a和0.16 cm/a。男生身高、体重及胸围的生长高峰分别为0.39 cm/a(12岁)、0.51 kg/a(12岁)和0.31 cm/a(11岁), 女生分别为0.31 cm/a(11岁)、0.39 kg/a(11岁)和0.26 cm/a(11岁)。结论:最近30 a河南省中小学学生表现出青春期提前、身高与体重持续增长的趋势。
Abstract:
Aim: To analyze the physical development and dynamic development of students in primary and secondary schools in Henan Province from 1985 to 2014, and to provide basis for the improvement of physical health of primary and middle school students in Henan Province.Methods: The data were collected based on 7 national physical health monitoring from 1985 to 2014. Regression analysis was used to explore the dynamics and the regularity of body shapes' change.Results: In the recent 30 a, the average height, weight and chest growth rate of primary and secondary school students in Henan Province were 0.27 cm per year, 0.34 kg per year and 0.19 cm per year for boys and 0.20 cm per year, 0.24 kg per year, and 0.16 cm per year for girls,respectively. The age at peak height velocity of height, weight, and chest circumference of the boys were 0.39 cm per year(12 years old), 0.51 kg per year(12 years), and 0.31 cm per year(11 years)respectively, and that the girls were 0.31 cm per year(11 years), 0.39 kg per year(11 years), and 0.26 cm per year(11 years). Conclusion: In the past 30 a, students in primary and secondary schools in Henan Province demonstrated that adolescence is ahead of schedule, and there is a trend of sustained growth in height and weight.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
【基金项目】河南省教育科学规划重大招标课题(2017-JKGHZDZB-03)
【作者简介】许慧,通信作者,女,1964年5月生,博士,副教授, 研究方向:身心健康,E-mail:xuhui2006@zzu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-06-20